After 2017’s spate of musicians imprisoned for terror offences in Spain (1st quartile), rapper Valtònyc was handed a three-and-a-half year jail sentence, confirmed by the Supreme Court in January, for glorifying terrorism and insulting the crown. Rapper Pablo Hasél received a conviction on the same charges, facing nearly three years in prison and a large fine. Demonstrators protested these convictions across the country in February.
Spain is not alone; in the UK, five members of the group 1011 were banned from making drill music (a subgenre of hip-hop), with a judge ruling in June that the police must be notified in advance of any new music or performances by the group.
In Russia (4th quartile), rapper Husky faced two weeks in prison after an unauthorised performance on top of a car in November, having been told he was banned from performing due to the ‘extremist’ nature of his songs. In the same month, a judge in Turkey cleared hip-hop artist Ezhel of ‘encouraging drug use’ on the grounds that she considered his music to be a work of art.
 Tremending, ‘Las redes cargan contra la condena a Valtonyc: “En España vas a la cárcel por escribir una canción pero no por saquear los bancos”’, Público, 20 February 2018, available at http://www.publico.es/tremending/2018/02/20/las-redes-cargan-contra-la-condena-a-valtonyc-en-espana-vas-a-la-carcel-por-escribir-una-cancion-pero-no-por-saquear-los-bancos/
 Fernando J. Pérez, ‘Second Spanish rapper sentenced to prison for praising terrorism’, El Pais, 2 March 2018, available at https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/03/02/inenglish/1519998382_971403.html
 Publico, ‘Protestas en diez países por el “jaque a la libertad de expresión” en España’, 7 February 2018, available at http://www.publico.es/sociedad/protestas-medio-mundo-jaque-libertad-expresion-espana.html
 Ian Cobain, ‘London drill rap group banned from making music due to threat of violence’, The Guardian, 15 June 2018, available at https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/jun/15/london-drill-rap-gang-banned-from-making-music-due-to-threat-of-violence
 The Moscow Times, ‘Russian rapper Husky detained after police raid on concert’, 22 November 2018, available at https://themoscowtimes.com/news/russian-rapper-husky-detained-after-police-raid-concert-63571
 P24 Platform for Independent Journalism, Hip Hop Artist Ezhel Acquitted and Freed, 19 June 2018, available at http://platform24.org/en/articles/660/hip-hop-artist-ezhel-acquitted-and-freed