Back to top

CSOs are under attack regionwide

Over the last 15 years, 12 African countries – Sudan, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Zambia, Tunisia, Algeria, South Sudan, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Egypt, Burundi, and Tanzania – have adopted legislation or policies that improperly constrained CSO’s.

Six countries – Rwanda, Zambia, Sudan, Malawi, Egypt, and Mozambique – have anti-CSO measures pending, or may be moving to introduce them, while six – Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola, and Zimbabwe – have introduced such measures only to have the executive abandon them, the legislature reject them, or the courts invalidate them.[1]


[1] Godfrey M. Musila, Freedoms Under Threat: The Spread of Anti-NGO Measures in Africa, 2019, available at