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List of abbreviations

ACHPR            African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights

ACT                  Alliance for Change and Transparency

AFEX               Africa Freedom of Expression Exchange

AI                     Artificial intelligence

AMLO              Andrés Manuel López Obrador

CCM                 Chama Cha Mapinduzi

CODECA         Comité de Desarrollo Campesino

CSO                  Civil and society organisation

DRC                 Democratic Republic of the Congo

EACJ                East African Court of Justice

ECOWAS         Economic Community of West African States

EPRDF             Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front

FOE                   Freedom of expression

GDPR                General Data Protection Regulation

HRD                 Human rights defenders

IP                      Internet Protocol

KFS                   Kenya Forest Service

LGBTQ+          Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer

MENA              Middle East and Northern Africa

MRVA              Movimiento Ríos Vivos Antioquia

OHCHR           Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

OLF                  Oromo Liberation Front

OMN                Oromia Media Network

OSCE                Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

PiS                    Law and Justice

PWHF              Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation

RTI                   Right to information

SEZ                   Special Economic Zone

SLAPP              Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation

TCRA                Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority

VPN                   Virtual private network

WHRD              Women human rights defenders

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