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ARTICLE 19 would like to thank our research team of Emily Hart of Writing Rights for researching and drafting developments in freedom of expression from a wealth of sources, including our own regional and thematic experts.  Thanks to statistician, Nicole Steward-Streng for her expert analysis of V-Dem data and her dedicated support for the project.  Thanks to Nadieh Bremer of Visual Cinnamon for updating the data visualisation (beeswarm and pentafoils) that have helped us to visualize freedom of expression globally.  Thank you to Lucy Peers for additional graphics and to Hannah Austin for her editorial work on the final drafts.  Any remaining errors in the report are the responsibility of ARTICLE 19.


First published by ARTICLE 19, 2019

Free Word Centre
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London EC1R 3GA

Text and analysis © ARTICLE 19, 2019 (Creative Commons License 3.0)

XpA Data, © V-Dem, 2019

ARTICLE 19 works for a world where all people everywhere can freely express themselves and actively engage in public life without fear of discrimination. We do this by working on two interlocking freedoms, which set the foundation for all our work. The Freedom to Speak concerns everyone’s right to express and disseminate opinions, ideas and information through any means, as well as to disagree from, and question power-holders. The Freedom to Know concerns the right to demand and receive information by power-holders for transparency good governance and sustainable development. When either of these freedoms comes under threat, by the failure of power-holders to adequately protect them, ARTICLE 19 speaks with one voice, through courts of law, through global and regional organisations, and through civil society wherever we are present.